Anthemios of Tralles

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fl. sixth century AD Tralles, Lydia, Asia Minor
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Greek architect, geometer, mathematician and physicist.
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Tralles was a wealthy city in ancient Greece. Ruins of the city are situated on a plateau above the present-day Turkish city of Aydin, in Asia Minor, which is near to Ephesus. In 334 BC Tralles was used as a base by Alexander the Great and later it was occupied by the Romans. After the collapse of the western half of the Roman Empire in the fifth century AD Tralles remained a part of the Byzantine Empire until its destruction in 1282. Anthemios was one of the great sons of Tralles and was probably educated in Alexandria. He is especially famed as architect (with Isodorus of Miletos) of the great Church of Santa Sophia in Istanbul. This vast building, later a Turkish mosque and now a museum, was built for the Emperor Justinian between 532 and 537 AD. It was an early and, certainly for many centuries, the largest example of pendentive construction to support a dome. This form, using the spherical triangles of the pendentives, enabled a circular-based dome to be supported safely upon piers that stood on a square plan below. It gradually replaced the earlier squinch type of structure, though both forms of design stem from Middle Eastern origins. At Santa Sophia the dome rises to 180ft (55m) above floor level and has a diameter of over 100ft (30m). Together with Isodorus, Anthemios also worked upon the Church of the Holy Apostles in Istanbul.
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Further Reading
G.L.Huxley, 1959, Anthemius of Tralles: A Study in Later Greek Geometry, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Procopius, 1913, De Aedificiis, On the Buildings Constructed by the Emperor Justinian, Leipzig.
Richard Krautheimer, 1965, Early Christian and Byzantine Architcture, Penguin.
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Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ANTHÉMIOS DE TRALLES — (2e moitié Ve s. env. 534) Architecte lydien né à Tralles dans la seconde moitié du Ve siècle, Anthémios appartenait à une famille extrêmement cultivée. L’historien Agathias nous apprend que son père était un médecin réputé et que ses frères… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Anthemios von Tralles — Anthemios von Tralleis (* in Tralleis (heute Aydın) in Lydien in der 2. Hälfte des 5. Jahrhunderts; † vor 558, wahrscheinlich in Konstantinopel) war ein spätantiker Mathematiker, Gelehrter und Architekt. Leben und Wirken Anthemios war der Sohn… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Anthémios de Tralles — Anthémius de Tralles Anthémius de Tralles, né vers 474 à Tralles sur le Méandre et mort vers 534, était un célèbre mathématicien et architecte byzantin. En tant qu architecte, il se rendit célèbre par la construction de la basilique Sainte Sophie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Anthemios of Tralles —    Co architect, with Isidore of Miletus, of Justinian I s (qq.v.) great church of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople (qq.v.). Anthemios was also a theoretical and practical scientist who wrote treatises about unusual mechanical devices. He… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Tralles, Anthemios of — See: Anthemios of Tralles …   Biographical history of technology

  • Tralles — Aydın Aydın Tralles Administration Pays  Turquie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tralles — ist eine antike Stadt in Karien bzw. Lydien bei der heutigen Stadt Aydın (Türkei), siehe Tralleis. ein Titularbistum, siehe Tralles in Asia Tralles ist auch der Name von Johann Georg Tralles (1763 1822), Mathematiker und Physiker In der Antike… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander of Tralles —    Sixth century physician and brother of the famous co architect of Hagia Sophia (q.v.), Anthemios of Tralles (q.v.). His 12 volume encyclopedia of medicine (q.v.) depends on Galen (q.v.), like the work of his contemporary Aetios of Amida (q.v.) …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Anthemio de Tralles — (Anthémios) ► (s. VI) Arquitecto y matemático bizantino. Construyó junto con Isidoro de Mileto el templo de Santa Sofía de Constantinopla (532 537) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • ALEXANDRE DE TRALLES — (525 605) Né près d’Éphèse, Alexandre de Tralles est le plus grand médecin byzantin du VIe siècle. Il étudia en Grèce et à Alexandrie puis, en qualité de médecin en chef des armées de l’empereur Justinien Ier, il parcourut le pourtour du Bassin… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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